Ugento (LE) - Puglia

The complex of Fondo Focone, under investigation by the Istituto Italiano di Paleontologia umana in 1974 (researches of P. Cassoli, L. Cardini, E. Segre Naldini), includes two sinkholes referred to as “Pozzo Zecca” (lower sinkhole) and “Bocca Cesira” (upper sinkhole). Both have a thick archaeological deposit dating to the first phase of the Final Epigravettian.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.


Final Epigravettian

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