Grezzana (VR) - Veneto

This is one of the most important sites of the Italian Paleolithic, both for the stratigraphic sequence (Mousterian, Aurignacian, Epigravettian) and the reconstruction of ways of life for human groups, both for funeral evidence (a burial) and artistic (more than 200 findings, many still unpublished).
The research, begun in 1962, is still ongoing by Antonio Guerreschi e Federica Fontana (Ferrara University)

Historical framework
Middle Paleolithic

The end of this period delimits the Paleolithic phase in which the species Homonea nderthalensis and their culture, the Mousterian, spread throughout Europe and the Near East.

The chronology has been debated, especially concerning the beginning of the phase. Conventionally, however, it has come to be located between 250,000 and 40,000 years ago.


Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.


Final Epigravettian

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