Grigno (TN) - Trentino-Alto Adige

Final Epigravettian mountain site with two inhabited palaeosurfaces in exceptional condition. The complex returned figurative movables consisting of 267 painted stones (rarely engraved) with zoomorphic, anthropomorphic, geometric and linear motifs.
The dimensions are roughly between 10-24 cm.
The characteristics of the paintings are not homogeneous and two distinct styles can be observed, that of the schematic and that of the naturalistic.
The painted stones belong to the oldest phase of attendance (about 11,500 to 11,250 bp uncal.). The successive phase is almost contemporary, only slightly more recent.
Most of the stones were concentrated in the vicinity of two large pits and scattered over an area of about 30 square metres, with the painted sides facing down, in this case often marked by a small sign of recognition painted on the visible side. It is likely that during the oldest phase of attendance an area had been demarcated for ritual practices.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.


Final Epigravettian

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