Palermo (PA) - Sicilia

The complex of Grotte dell'Addaura, on Mount Pellegrino, consists of a few distinct cavities, but only two have representational evidence, Addaura I and II. In the scholarly literature there are various given names, respectively Grotta dei Bovidi or Antro Nero, adjacent to the famous Grotta delle Incisioni. The complex also includes the Grotta Perciata and the Grotta Addaura Caprara. Already an object of interest in the 1800's by naturalists interested in the sizable Pleistocene fauna, Jole Bovio Marconi and Luigi Bernabo Brea led excavations there in 1946-47.
Addaura I is a small cave that has two zoomorphic figures engraved on a rock wall.
Addaura II, the most well-known and significant, is a cavity a bit wider that has preserved the large panel with engravings, executed probably in four phases.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.



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