San Nicandro Garganico (FG) - Puglia

The Mousterian cave complex of Grotta Spagnoli is dividided into two separate cavities (Spanish A and B Spagnoli) originally belonging to one big cave.
It was excavated by Mara Guerri (University of Florence) from the late '96 and partially published with regard to the single cavity B.

Historical framework
Middle Paleolithic

The end of this period delimits the Paleolithic phase in which the species Homonea nderthalensis and their culture, the Mousterian, spread throughout Europe and the Near East.

The chronology has been debated, especially concerning the beginning of the phase. Conventionally, however, it has come to be located between 250,000 and 40,000 years ago.



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