GROTTA MARITZA

Ortucchio (AQ) - Abruzzo

Cave in the Fucino area, excavated by A.M. Radmilli in the 1960's.
There are repeated confirmed attendances in the Upper Paleolithic, in the Mesolithic, and in historical times.
R. Grifoni Cremonesi and A.M. Radmilli (Pisa University) report twenty decorated bone artefacts, relating to multiple levels of the so-called Bertonian facies (stages I-IV) of the Final Epigravettian, dating back around 13,000 years.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.

Cultures

Final Epigravettian

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