GROTTA FUMANE

Fumane (VR) - Veneto

Systematic investigations in this site of great importance started in 1988 by Alberto Broglio (University of Ferrara), with the collaboration of Marco Peresani and Mauro Cremaschi, initiating a search, still in place, which followed reports (in 1884 by Stefano de Stefani, in 1964 by Giovanni Solinas) and start excavation (by Angelo Pasa and Franco Mezzena).
The stratigraphic deposit of Grotta Fumane, now a museum-site, contains evidence of the Middle Palaeolithic, a facies to it later equalized to Uluzzian, Aurignacian and some evidence of Gravettian.
Two Mousterian findings present simple linear engraving.
The figurative productions, probably evidence of rock art, refer to Aurignacian.

Historical framework
Middle Paleolithic

The end of this period delimits the Paleolithic phase in which the species Homonea nderthalensis and their culture, the Mousterian, spread throughout Europe and the Near East.

The chronology has been debated, especially concerning the beginning of the phase. Conventionally, however, it has come to be located between 250,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Cultures

Musterian
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.

Cultures

Aurignacian

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