grotta d'oriente

Favignana (TP) - Sicilia

The site was the subject of investigation as part of the POR Sicily 2000-2006 project coordinated by Sebastiano Tusa which provided for, among other things, excavations and research fostered by the University of Florence (coordination by Fabio Martini) at the Egadi Islands and in the area San Vito Lo Capo.
The Grotta d’Oriente, one of these sites on the island of Favignana, has a stratigraphic sequence with evidence of Final Epigravettian, which includes a burial site, Mesolithic and the transition to the Neolithic.

Historical framework
Mesolithic

The end of the Pleistocene coincided with the end of the last glaciation, and what came to follow was the Holocene - the geological epoch in which we now live. The chrono-cultural phase that proceeded the Palaeolithic is called the Mesolithic, and it represents the period between 10,000 and around 6,500 years ago. During this period, hunter-gatherers belonging to the Palaeolithic culture were forced to adapt to their new climactic, postglacial environments.

Mesolithic cultures were still inextricably linked to the preceding tradition; no profound alterations or transformations to their way of life are observable, instead cultural activities seem to have continued with suitable modality, adapting to the new ecological situation. For example, regarding the subsistence patterns, the hunting of small mammals and birds increased, as did the consumption of fish of the utilisation of all available marine resources. Funerary rites of this period underwent no significant changes.

A specialisation in the schematic and geometric-linear style came to characterise figurative productions, accentuating schemes and compositions which had already been elaborated at the end of the Epigravettian.

Cultures

Generic Mesolithic

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