GROTTA DI SETTECANNELLE

Ischia di Castro (VT) - Lazio

The site, investigated by Paola Ucelli Gnesutta (Pisa University), has a stratigraphic sequence between the ancient and final Epigravettian (uncalibrated dating between 16,600 BP for the ancient Epigravettian-layer 16 and about 10,500 BP for the final Epigravettian-layer 8), and which ends with levels from the Cardial Neolithic.
Belonging to the first part of the final Epigravettian (layer 10) is a very small collection of portable art, associated with ornamental objects, many in primary positions.
The second part of the final Epigravettian (layer 8) is given to a single graphic work.
The figurative complex of Settecannelle testifies to the presence in Central Italy of "Mediterranean style" during the final Epigravettian, both in the schematic naturalistic language and in geometric-linear patterns, apparently not associated (the iconographic repertoire of Settecannelle is not abundant) to Franco-Iberian influences.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.

Cultures

Final Epigravettian

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