This important Paleolithic site was excavated by A.M. Radmilli (Pisa University) in the late 1960's. It contains a sequence with levels of Gravettian, Early Epigravettian and the transition to the Mesolithic.
It has rendered up one burial, many objects of portable art engraved and two "Venuses".
A rich complex of portable engravings, on supports of both stone and bone, was uncovered in a deposit outside of the cave in an Epiromanellian layer, in the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. It is the most abundant context of portable artifacts in Italy: in total there are 505 etched supports, 389 on stone and 116 on bone and horn. Those on stone (small block, slab, pebble, cortical surfaces) are small to medium in size and the incisions affect one or both sides. Traces of red ocher were found on some thirty stones. Some objects have also been used as strikers. Many carved objects were intentionally fractured after the incisions were made, leading to the hypothesis of symbolic-ritualistic behavior. The supports in bone and horn are almost entirely remains of deer and the engravings are not always legible, the decoration is more simple in respect to those of stone.