GROTTA DELLA SERRATURA

Camerota (SA) - Campania

Located in Marina di Camerota (Salerno), in a coastal complex of caves and open air sites that cover a time frame from the Lower Paleolithic to the Bronze Age, the site has been under excavation from 1984 to the present by Fabio Martini (Florence University).
The stratigraphic sequence of the cave includes levels of Middle Paleolithic, Early, Recent and Final Upper Paleolithic, of the Mesolithic and Neolithic.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.

Cultures

Final Epigravettian

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