GROTTA DELLA BÀSURA

Toirano (SV) - Liguria

Discovered in 1950, it was attended on several occasions between 14,000 and 12,000 years ago, as indicated by the radiometric datings of the carbonous remains of burning torches which used resinous plants cfr. Pinus silvestris (12,340 ± 160 bp not cal.) and calcite casting that covers the famous footprints (14,300 ± 400 bp not cal). Mistakenly attributed to Neanderthal groups until the 1970's, the attendance of the cave is related to the hunter-gatherers of the Late Glacial.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.

Cultures

Upper Generic Paleolithic

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