Papasidero (CS) - Calabria

The calabrian site of Grotta del Romito, the most important for the knowledge of the late Palaeolithic in the Tyrrhenian side and one of the cornerstones of Italian prehistory. Paolo Graziosi coordinated researches and excavations in 1961-1967, Fabio Martini is continuing the project for the Florence University.

The site has two rock art documents. These are two large boulders located in the shelter area, one almost at the entrance of the innermost of the cave, the other outside the limit of the same shelter.

In addition to the powerful stratigraphic sequence with evidence between the Gravettian (about 24,000 years ago) and the end Epigravettian (about 10,000 years ago), Mesolithic and Neolithic, the site is known for nine burials.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.


Final Epigravettian

© 2021. A project by Museo e Istituto Fiorentino di Preistoria Paolo Graziosi

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