Ventimiglia (IM) - Liguria

The cave is part of the complex of caverns known as Grotte di Grimaldi or Balzi Rossi, identified and excavated by Rivière between 1872 and 1875, by Jullien in 1884, by Abbo, Verneau and Boule between 1872 and 1894, and by de Villeneuve from 1900 to 1902.
The Barma Grande has been the subject of investigations from the late 1800's through the researches of many scholars, including the Bonfils. It is important for the four burials sites brought to light and in regards to the figurative works. This cave has yielded female figurines (see “Balzi Rossi”), objects of portable art and parietal engravings.

Historical framework
Upper Paleolithic

Coinciding with the arrival of the species Homo sapiens in Europe was the most recent phase of the Paleolithic (between 40,000 and 10,000 years ago). Here, we see a break with the previous cultural traditions of the Neanderthals, and the beginning of a series of utilitarian and symbolic practices which developed in the millennia leading up to the arrival of the Neolithic. The presence of strategically located settlements, subsistence practices based on hunting and gathering, the modality of funerary rites and the beginning of the figurative art allow us to follow the transformation of the earliest sapiens cultures.



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