zoomorphic figure (horse?)

riparo salvini

Two fragments of stone with the engraving of the head of a possible equine which recalls the Mediterranean style. The lines are is simple and there are some anatomical details (eyes, nostrils, mouth opening).
(lenght 5 cm each)


Naturalistico animale



Raw material





layer B (secondary context)



Item code


Relative chronology
Final Epigravettian

It was the end of the last glacial period, between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago, that brought the Palaeolithic to a close. Italy, like other European areas, witnessed the formation of well-defined regional areas, with elements of heterogeneity within the lithic production. Behavioural practices that weren't by nature utilitarian – that is to say those associated with funerary practices and artistic experience – occurred cross-regionally.

The Franco-Cantabrian style began to fade out from artistic productions. No longer adopted in the South, it left traces in the Centre and the North of Italy, where echoes of the transalpine tradition persisted, filtered through the expanding Mediterranean style. In the final two millennia, this language assumed a more synthetic and abstract character, with especially geometric and linear graphic productions.

ALESSIO M., ALHAIQUE F., ALLEGRI L., BIETTI A., BRANCA M., D'ARPINO A., IMPROTA S., KUHN S., PALMIERI A. M., PREITE MARTINEZ M., 1993, New Results on teh Upper Paleolithic Site of Riparo Salvini (Terracina, Italy), Quaternaria Nova, III, pp. 105-150.
ALHAIQUE F., BIETTI A., RECCHI A., 1995, Riparo Salvini (Terracina, Latina), UISPP XIII, Guide Archeologiche, 10, pp. 123-133.
AVELLINO E. BIETTI A., GIACOPINI L., LO PINTO A., VICARI M., 1989, Riparo Salvini: a New Dryas II Site in Soutthern Lazio. Thoughts in the Late EpiGravettian of Middle and Southern Tyrrhenian Italy, in BONSALL C., DONALD J., eds, The Mesolithic in Europe, Edinburgh, pp. 516-532.
BIETTI A., 1984, Primi risultati dello scavo nel giacimento epigravettiano finale del Riparo Salvini (Terracina, Latina), Atti IIPP XXIV, pp. 195-205.
BIETTI A., MARTINI F., TOZZI C., 1983, L'Epigravettien évolué et final de la zone moyenne et basse tyrrhénienne, RSP, XXXVIII, 1-2, pp. 319-349.
BIETTI A., STINER M., 1992, Les modèles de la substistence et de l'habitat de l'Epigravettien italien: l'exemple de Riparo Salvini (Terracina, Latium), Actes du Colloque de Chancelade, Le Peuplement Magdalénien, Oct. 1988, Ed. CHTS, Paris, pp. 137-152.
CHIAPPELLA V., SILVESTRI G., SPEZZAFERRO G., 1958-1961, Scoperta di un nuovo giacimento paleolitico nella Villa Salvini a Terracina, Quaternaria V, p. 323.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.

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