Clavicle of a marmot decorated with three even and equidistant signs, with the addition of a fourth spaced on one end. (length 5.4 cm).
Materia dura animale
12.895 ± 294 bp non cal.
It was the end of the last glacial period, between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago, that brought the Palaeolithic to a close. Italy, like other European areas, witnessed the formation of well-defined regional areas, with elements of heterogeneity within the lithic production. Behavioural practices that weren't by nature utilitarian – that is to say those associated with funerary practices and artistic experience – occurred cross-regionally.
The Franco-Cantabrian style began to fade out from artistic productions. No longer adopted in the South, it left traces in the Centre and the North of Italy, where echoes of the transalpine tradition persisted, filtered through the expanding Mediterranean style. In the final two millennia, this language assumed a more synthetic and abstract character, with especially geometric and linear graphic productions.
GUERRESCHI A., LEONARDI P. , 1984, La fine del Paleolitico superiore (Epigravettiano finale), in Aspes A., a cura di, Il Veneto nell'antichità. Preistoria e Protostoria, I, pp. 243-281.
GURIOLI F., BARTOLOMEI G., NANNINI N., PERESANI M., ROMANDINI M., 2011, Deux clavicules de marmotte épigravettiennes incises provenant des Grottes Verdi de Pradis (Alpes Italiennes), Paleo, 22, pp. 311-318.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.