mousterian linear engravings

GROTTA MAGGIORE DI SAN BERNARDINO

On the cortex of a flint scraper there are several engraved lines with the same orientation, made before the instrument production.
See Grotta Spagnoli, Riparo Tagliente, Valle Radice, Grotta Fumane, Grotta del Cavallo and the most elaborate Grotta Costantini.

Subject

Abstract

Category

Mobiliare

Raw material

Stone

Technique

Engraving

Layer

II unit

Chronology

-

Item code

-

Relative chronology
Musterian

The Mousterian signifies the totality of Neanderthal Man's cultural characteristics, which varied across Europe on a micro and macro-regional basis. Above all, variabilities are to be found in the lithic production, although varying behavioural features - resulting from different environments and climactic districts - also existed in strategies related to hunting and settlement.

In the overall picture of cultural evolution, amongst the great acquisitions of the Mousterian were the beginning of funerary practices by interment and the first evidence of depictions. The Neanderthals went extinct around 30,000 years ago.

The graphic productions of this period were exclusively linear, with varying levels of elaboration. There is no evidence of naturalistic depictions portraying any recognisable subjects.

Gallery
Bibliography
LEONARDI P., 1988, Art paléolithique mobilier et parietal en Italie, L’Anthropologie, 92, pp. 139-202.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
PERESANI M., DALLATORRE S., ASTUTI P., DAL COLLE M., ZIGGIOTTI S., PERETTO C., 2014, Symbolic or Utilitarian? Juggling Interpretations of Neanderthal Behavior: new inferences from the study of engraved stone surfaces, Journal of Anthropological Sciences, 92, pp. 1-24.

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