linear signs (rock art) - boulder 2

GROTTA DEL ROMITO

On the eastern side of the shelter another large boulder seems to mark a sort of air of dwelling limit.
It is thickly covered with numerous linear signs etched more or less deeply, with differing degrees (straight, curved), arranged in multiple directions without any organization in the composition, both in groups and scattered.
Linear incisions are a recurring motif in European rock art, especially in the final Upper Palaeolithic. Their meaning is unknown.
According to some hypothesis, such signs may have a symbolic meaning or give numerical data.
When they are together with images of zoomorphic engravings could suggest a simulation of hunting injuries.
Theoretically we can not exclude the hypothesis that these linear incisions were associated with paintings that were lost and they could, therefore, have a meaning within a more complex image that is not preserved.

Subject

Abstract

Naturalistico animale

Category

Parietale

Raw material

Stone

Technique

Engraving

Layer

-

Chronology

-

Item code

-

Relative chronology
Final Epigravettian

It was the end of the last glacial period, between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago, that brought the Palaeolithic to a close. Italy, like other European areas, witnessed the formation of well-defined regional areas, with elements of heterogeneity within the lithic production. Behavioural practices that weren't by nature utilitarian – that is to say those associated with funerary practices and artistic experience – occurred cross-regionally.

The Franco-Cantabrian style began to fade out from artistic productions. No longer adopted in the South, it left traces in the Centre and the North of Italy, where echoes of the transalpine tradition persisted, filtered through the expanding Mediterranean style. In the final two millennia, this language assumed a more synthetic and abstract character, with especially geometric and linear graphic productions.

Gallery
Bibliography
GRAZIOSI P., 1962, Nuove incisioni rupestri di tipo paleolitico in Calabria, RSP, XVII, pp. 139-145
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
MARTINI F., LO VETRO D. , 2011, Grotta del Romito, Guide, 4, Museo Fiorentino di Preistoria, Firenze.

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