The engraving shows the Franco-Cantabrian influences (firm and decisive markings, anatomical details) but also of the “Mediterranean” style (rigidity of the profile, partiality of the body, open profile horn). It is an example of stylistic syncretism which indicates the complexity of the Epigravettian figurative phenomenon, drawing inspiration from many European areas with localized modifications (see "Riparo Tagliente-bison" and "Riparo Tagliente-zoomorphic figures").
(max cm 18,7).


Naturalistico animale



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secondary context



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Relative chronology
Final Epigravettian

It was the end of the last glacial period, between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago, that brought the Palaeolithic to a close. Italy, like other European areas, witnessed the formation of well-defined regional areas, with elements of heterogeneity within the lithic production. Behavioural practices that weren't by nature utilitarian – that is to say those associated with funerary practices and artistic experience – occurred cross-regionally.

The Franco-Cantabrian style began to fade out from artistic productions. No longer adopted in the South, it left traces in the Centre and the North of Italy, where echoes of the transalpine tradition persisted, filtered through the expanding Mediterranean style. In the final two millennia, this language assumed a more synthetic and abstract character, with especially geometric and linear graphic productions.

BROGLIO A., 1984, a cura di, Paleolitico e Mesolitico, in ASPES A., a cura di, Il Veneto nell'antichità. Preistoria e Protostoria, I, pp. 165-319.
GRAZIOSI P., 1973b, L’arte preistorica in Italia, Sansoni, Firenze.
GUERRESCHI A., 1996, Riparo Tagliente (Grezzana, Verona), in Broglio A., Paleolitico, Mesolitico, Neolitico dell'Italia nord-orientale, Guide Archeologiche. Preistoria e protostoria in Italia, 4, Forlì, pp. 59-64.
GUERRESCHI A., LEONARDI P. , 1984, La fine del Paleolitico superiore (Epigravettiano finale), in Aspes A., a cura di, Il Veneto nell'antichità. Preistoria e Protostoria, I, pp. 243-281.
LEONARDI P., 1988, Art paléolithique mobilier et parietal en Italie, L’Anthropologie, 92, pp. 139-202.
LEONARDI P., 1987, Testimonianze di arte paleolitica nell'Italia settentrionale, Atti San Severo 1984, pp. 11-16.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
MEZZENA F., 1964, Oggetti d'arte mobiliare del Paleolitico scoperti al Riparo Tagliente in Valpantena (Verona), RSP, XIX, pp. 175-187.

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