Grotta Le Mura

Two awkward shapes of horses, made with an anatomical description in part summary and elementary.
On the front leg of the mare with a bulging belly it might be possible to recognize the head of a third equine.
On limestone block (max 13 cm).


Naturalistico animale



Raw material








Item code


Relative chronology
Final Epigravettian

It was the end of the last glacial period, between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago, that brought the Palaeolithic to a close. Italy, like other European areas, witnessed the formation of well-defined regional areas, with elements of heterogeneity within the lithic production. Behavioural practices that weren't by nature utilitarian – that is to say those associated with funerary practices and artistic experience – occurred cross-regionally.

The Franco-Cantabrian style began to fade out from artistic productions. No longer adopted in the South, it left traces in the Centre and the North of Italy, where echoes of the transalpine tradition persisted, filtered through the expanding Mediterranean style. In the final two millennia, this language assumed a more synthetic and abstract character, with especially geometric and linear graphic productions.

GRAZIOSI P., 1973b, L’arte preistorica in Italia, Sansoni, Firenze.
GRAZIOSI P., CADEO G., BRAMBILLA A., 1958, Ciottolo con figure incise della Grotta delle Mura di Monopoli (Bari), RSP, XIII, 1-4, pp. 187-191.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.

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