bovine head, hornes, linear signs


The engraving of the head of Bos is in the Mediterranean style, drawn with a single thin line, geometrical and rigid, lacking anatomical details, with horns pointing forward.
A second pair of horns, isolated, appears at the end of the bone fragment, along with a few other isolated lines.
(dimensions 12.1 - 5.0 cm)


Naturalistico animale



Raw material

Materia dura animale




Epigravettian stratum (middle layer)


10.918 ±90,11.330±50; 11.600±130 bp non cal.

Item code


Relative chronology
Final Epigravettian

It was the end of the last glacial period, between 14,000 and 10,000 years ago, that brought the Palaeolithic to a close. Italy, like other European areas, witnessed the formation of well-defined regional areas, with elements of heterogeneity within the lithic production. Behavioural practices that weren't by nature utilitarian – that is to say those associated with funerary practices and artistic experience – occurred cross-regionally.

The Franco-Cantabrian style began to fade out from artistic productions. No longer adopted in the South, it left traces in the Centre and the North of Italy, where echoes of the transalpine tradition persisted, filtered through the expanding Mediterranean style. In the final two millennia, this language assumed a more synthetic and abstract character, with especially geometric and linear graphic productions.

GRAZIOSI P., 1973b, L’arte preistorica in Italia, Sansoni, Firenze.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
MINELLONO F., 1972, Incisioni paleolitiche su osso e calcare rinvenute a Vado all'Arancio (Grosseto), Atti IIPP XIV, pp. 207-214.

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