6-human figures engravings (parietal)

GROTTA DI CALA DEL GENOVESE

An isolated group of engravings includes three anthropomorphs.
The central figure, dominant (height 31 cm), is distinguished by the headdress (possibly a mask or hair?).
A second figure repeats the same type.
The third, however, is an anthropomorph with a bird mask.
The panel is original in the European inventory.
(figure after Graziosi 1962)

Subject

Naturalistico umano

Category

Parietale

Raw material

Stone

Technique

Engraving

Layer

-

Chronology

-

Item code

n. 30 (da Graziosi 1962).

Relative chronology
Epigravettian

The development of progressive regionalisation appeared in Europe as a result of the Second Pleniglacial. The central-eastern regions, up to the Atlantic and the Iberian Peninsula, maintained their cultural physiognomy with aspects which, in that part of Europe, have been termed the Solutrean, the Magdalenian and the Azilian (from 20,000 to 10,000 years ago).
Italy distanced itselfculturally from this sphere, the peninsula take part in the wide province of the Epigravettian which encompassed the Mediterranean area of the continent from Provence up to Balkans and the Black Sea.
In the 10,000 years that followed the end of the Upper Palaeolithic and the Pleistocene, the process of regionalisation became a generalised phenomenon. This also occurred in Italy, where a progressive and rapid detachment from French influence is documented. In the artistic field, this phenomenon brought about the birth of original styles and languages.

Gallery
Bibliography
GRAZIOSI P., 1962, Levanzo. Pitture e incisioni, Origines, Sansoni, Firenze.
GRAZIOSI P., 1973b, L’arte preistorica in Italia, Sansoni, Firenze.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
TUSA S., DI MADIA G., PASTOORS A., PIEZONKA H., WENIGER G.C., TERBERGER T., 2013, The grotta di Cala dei Genovesi - new studies on the Ice Age cave art on Sicily, Praehistorische Zeitschrift, 88, 1-2, pp. 1-22. DOI 10.1515/pz-2013-0001

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