4-equids engravings (parietal)


The group of equids, twelve engravings, includes representations of Equus (Asinus) hydruntinus, an extinct Pleistocene equid, and probably also of horse. Some are complete, others partial, due in part to an originally intentional portrayal as anatomical parts and also to natural deterioration. In the reproduction of the profiles some recurrent designs are observable.
(figures after Graziosi 1962 except for specific note of Tusa et al. 2013)


Naturalistico animale



Raw material








Item code

nn. 18a-b, 18c, 18d, 19, 20, 21, 22a-b, 22c, 23, 29d (da Graziosi 1962); figura 14 pannello D (da Tusa et alii 2013).

Relative chronology

The development of progressive regionalisation appeared in Europe as a result of the Second Pleniglacial. The central-eastern regions, up to the Atlantic and the Iberian Peninsula, maintained their cultural physiognomy with aspects which, in that part of Europe, have been termed the Solutrean, the Magdalenian and the Azilian (from 20,000 to 10,000 years ago).
Italy distanced itselfculturally from this sphere, the peninsula take part in the wide province of the Epigravettian which encompassed the Mediterranean area of the continent from Provence up to Balkans and the Black Sea.
In the 10,000 years that followed the end of the Upper Palaeolithic and the Pleistocene, the process of regionalisation became a generalised phenomenon. This also occurred in Italy, where a progressive and rapid detachment from French influence is documented. In the artistic field, this phenomenon brought about the birth of original styles and languages.

GRAZIOSI P., 1962, Levanzo. Pitture e incisioni, Origines, Sansoni, Firenze.
GRAZIOSI P., 1973b, L’arte preistorica in Italia, Sansoni, Firenze.
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
TUSA S., DI MADIA G., PASTOORS A., PIEZONKA H., WENIGER G.C., TERBERGER T., 2013, The grotta di Cala dei Genovesi - new studies on the Ice Age cave art on Sicily, Praehistorische Zeitschrift, 88, 1-2, pp. 1-22. DOI 10.1515/pz-2013-0001

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