3-MOUSTERIAN Linear engraving-CAV 57

GROTTA DEL CAVALLO

Quadrangular irregular scape, also originally used as a striker. Engravings are localized at a fracture margin.
There are 14 thin and short lines, little marked, mostly subparallel.
(cm 4,9-4,8-9,0)

Subject

Abstract

Category

Mobiliare

Raw material

Stone

Technique

Engraving

Layer

LAYER FIIIc

Chronology

STRATO F: circa 42.000 BP (data non calibrata)

Item code

CAV 57

Relative chronology
Musterian

The Mousterian signifies the totality of Neanderthal Man's cultural characteristics, which varied across Europe on a micro and macro-regional basis. Above all, variabilities are to be found in the lithic production, although varying behavioural features - resulting from different environments and climactic districts - also existed in strategies related to hunting and settlement.

In the overall picture of cultural evolution, amongst the great acquisitions of the Mousterian were the beginning of funerary practices by interment and the first evidence of depictions. The Neanderthals went extinct around 30,000 years ago.

The graphic productions of this period were exclusively linear, with varying levels of elaboration. There is no evidence of naturalistic depictions portraying any recognisable subjects.

Gallery
Bibliography
MARTINI F., 2016, L'arte paleolitica e mesolitica in Italia, Millenni. Studi di archeologia preistorica, 12, Firenze.
MARTINI F., SARTI L., BUGGIANI S. , 2004, Incisioni musteriane su pietra da Grotta del Cavallo (Lecce): contributo al dibattito sulle esperienze grafiche neandertaliane, RSP, LIV, pp. 271-290.

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